Racial Spotlighting and Racial Ignoring are two types of microaggressions. Carter, D. J. (2008), describes Racial Spotlighting or Hypervisibility as the negative or unwanted attention that creates physical and psychological discomfort which limits students' engagement in the learning process. Racial Spotlighting or Hypervisibility occurs when a student of color is objectified and cast in the role of racial spokesperson. For example, African American students perceive that their White peers and educators focus uninvited attention on them to provide an expert opinion on topics that involve African Americans simply because they identify or are identified as members of that racial group.
The proportion of children who show consciousness of stereotypes and that they may lead to discrimination increases with age (30 percent of 7-year-olds, 60 percent of 8-year-olds and 90 percent of 10-year-olds). Watch this short video on the subconscious racial bias (racial microaggressions) in children.
Although any group can potentially be guilty of delivering racial microaggressions, the most painful and harmful ones are likely to occur between those who hold power and those who are most disempowered. Read how well meaning trained therapists commit racial mircoaggressions on a daily basis. How Well-Meaning Therapists Commit Racial Microaggressions
MicroInvalidations (a form of Racial Microaggressions) are statements that exclude, negate, or nullify the psychological thoughts, feelings or experiential reality of a person of color” (Sue, Bucceri et al., 2007). “Where are you from?”, “Where were you born?”, “You speak good English.” These microinvalidations are implying..."You are not American"..."You are a foreigner". This video shows several examples of microinvalidations experienced by People of Color.
MicroInvalidations ( the third form of Racial Microaggressions) are statements that exclude, negate, or nullify the psychological thoughts, feelings or experiential reality of a person of color” (Sue, Bucceri et al., 2007). Colorblindness is an example of a Microinvaliidation. Although it was accepted once, it raises a lot of questions and concerns today. Watch this short clip and check out why it is not okay to be Colorblind.
Microinsults ( another form of Racial Microaggressions) are “behavioral actions or verbal remarks that convey rudeness, insensitivity, or demeans a person’s racial identity or heritage”
The article below is an example of a Microinsult. It illustrates how Students of Color experience racial microaggressions on a daily basis.
Oklahoma School Changes Policy On Dreadlocks
Rebecca.Klein@huffingtonpost.com (Rebecca Klein) - Sep 10, 2013 9:22:39 PM
TULSA, Okla. -- An Oklahoma charter school has changed its dress code after inciting criticism for telling a 7-year-old girl that her dreadlocks violated the school's policy.
Racial microaggressions as brief and daily verbal, behavioral, and environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults to the target person or group. Sue (2010) contends that the subtle messages of racism are more harmful than overt acts of racism because they occur daily occurrence and are often invisible. Subtle messages are neither illegal nor regulated and the persons committing the microaggression may be unaware that it is a form of racism.